2018 Pre-APSA Workshop: 

“Building Better Elections: New Challenges in Electoral Management”

Wednesday, August 29, 2018

STATA Centre · Massachusetts Institute of Technology · Boston, MA, USA

Co-chairs: Holly Ann Garnett & Toby S. James

In 2017, election management bodies (EMBs) around the world were confronted with a number of new challenges: presidential elections in Kenya were declared invalid amidst allegations of problems with the electoral commission’s databases and computers; elections in Papua New Guinea were delayed in some areas due to striking poll workers and concerns about the accuracy of the electoral register; and a commission on voter fraud in the United States was thwarted by state electoral officials refusing to release data.

In response to these challenges, researchers from around the globe have renewed their focus on electoral management issues in both domestic and comparative perspective. This workshop aims to bring together scholars and practitioners to discuss major challenges in electoral management, and foster new collaborations.

At this time, we cannot guarantee spots for non-presenters. To register your interest to attend as a non-presenter, please fill out this form. We will let you know if there is a space for you as soon as possible. 

For further information, please contact the co-chairs: Holly Ann Garnett ( and Toby S. James (



8:30– 9:00 Registration and Coffee

9:00 – 9:15 Welcome

9:30 – 11:00 Concurrent Panels

Panel 1: Accessibility and Participation

Panel 2: Adopting New Technologies

11:00 – 11:15 Coffee Break

11:15 – 12:45 Concurrent Panels

Panel 3: Cybersecurity in Elections

Panel 4: Mitigating Election Violence

Panel 5: Representation and (In)Equality

12:45 – 2:00 Lunch + Roundtable, Cybersecurity: The Experience of Administrators

2:30 – 4:00 Concurrent Panels

Panel 6: Adjudicating Electoral Disputes

Panel 7: Preventing Election Fraud: Media, Money, and Mandates

Panel 8: The Challenges in Organizing Elections

4:00 – 4:15 Coffee Break

4:15 – 5:45 Concurrent Panels

Panel 9: Building Trust in Elections

Panel 10: Independence and Accountability

6:00 +    Reception


Preliminary Programme

Panel 1: Accessibility and Participation, Room 32-124

Chair: TBD

Discussant: TBD

1.1 Early voting in Australia: the costs and benefits of convenience

Jill Sheppard & Katrine Beauregard (Australian National University)

1.2 How does non-precinct voting affect turnout? Using the Election Administration and Voting Survey to evaluate the effects of various voting reforms

Andrew Menger & Robert Stein (Rice University)

1.3 Migrant Populations and External Voting: The Politics of Suffrage Expansion in Central America

Kevin Pallister (Bridgewater College)

1.4 Emigrants’ voting rights: how Election Management Bodies may ensure the effective political participation of voters residing abroad

Ségolène Tavel (Council of Europe)

1.5 Diaspora Democracy: Electoral Participation by Displaced Canadians

Stéphanie Plante (University of Ottawa / Elections Ontario)


Panel 2: Adopting New Technologies, Room 32-144

Chair: TBD

Discussant: TBD

2.1 Electronic Electronic Voting Botswana: Recipe for political instability

Monageng Mogalakwe (University of Botswana)

2.2 And the winner is… Developments in the never-ending battle over the credibility of the Brazilian e-voting system

Ana Lúcia Henrique (CEFOR – Câmara dos Deputados)

2.3 Mozambique elections: Building electoral credibility through election technology, is it possible?

Elisio Muendane (University Eduardo Monoplane)

2.4 Assessing the Impact of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) on Election Integrity

Ziaul Haque (Kennesaw State University & The Carter Center), David Carroll (The Carter Center)

2.5 Biometric Technologies, Electoral Fraud and the Management of Elections in Africa

Olugbemiga Samuel Afolabi (University of Johannesburg & Obafemi Awolowo University)


Panel 3: Cybersecurity in Elections, Room 32-155

Chair: TBD

Discussant: TBD

3.1 Policy Responses to Online Interference in Elections: A Cross-National Comparison

Chris Tenove (University of British Columbia)

3.2 Election Security: How Professionalism and Resources are Shaping the Future

Mitchell Brown & Kathleen Hale (Auburn University)

3.3 Shifting Focuses in U.S. Election Administration: Election System Security and Contingency Planning

Lindsey Forson, Robert J. Smith, Mitchell Brown & Kathleen Hale (Auburn University)

3.4 Data Security in Elections: Developing a Holistic Exposure and Adaptation Testing (HEAT) Process

Katherine Ellena & Gina Chirillo (International Foundation for Electoral Systems)

3.5 Election Security: Statewide Governance Models for Reducing Cybersecurity Risks

David Forscey & Michael Garcia (National Governors Association)


Panel 4: Mitigating Election Violence, Room 32-124

Chair: TBD

Discussant: TBD

4.1 The Use of Violence During the Election Cycle

Richard Frank (Australian National University)

4.2 Securing the Vote: Electoral Management in Conflict Areas

Ujjwal Kumar Singh (University of Delhi)

4.3 Duration of Time Lag of Declaration of Results and Electoral Violence in Africa

Ghadafi Saibu (University of Bayreuth)

4.4 Violence Against Women in Elections (VAWE) and Election Risk Management: A Conceptual Framework for Data and Indicators to Address VAWE

David Carroll (The Carter Center) & Paige Schneider (Sewanee University)

4.5 Preventing and Mitigating Electoral Conflict and Violence – Lessons from South Africa

Fabio Bargiacchi & Victoria Florinder (European Centre for Electoral Support)


Panel 5: Representation and (In)Equality, Room 32-144

Chair: TBD

Discussant: TBD

5.1 Photo ID Implementation in Missouri Counties

Joseph Anthony & David Kimball (University of Missouri in St. Louis)

5.2 Candidates’ Personal Attributes and Ballot Information: Legislative Elections in Ecuador and El Salvador

Carolina Tchintian (Rice University)

5.3 A Tale of Two Countries: Ranked-Choice Voting in Australia and America

Benjamin Reilly (Murdoch University)

5.4 Fabricating Precinct Boundaries

Michael McDonald, Brian Amos & Ekam Kalsy (University of Florida)

5.5 Does Compulsory Voting Reduce Inequalities in Political Representation?

Ruth Dassonneville (Université de Montréal), Eric Guntermann (Université de Montréal) & Peter Miller (University of California, Irvine)


Lunchtime Roundtable: Cybersecurity: The Perspectives of Administrators, Room 32-155

Chair: Charles Stewart III (Massachusetts Institute of Technology)

Participants: TBC


Panel 6: Adjudicating Electoral Disputes, Room 32-155

Chair: TBD

Discussant: TBD

6.1 Electoral Compliance – A New Framework of Analysis

Svitlana Chernykh (Australian National University)

6.2 Inaccessible Justice: The Relationship Between Election Dispute Institutions and Post-Election Challenges

Joe Klaver (University of Michigan)

6.3 Annulling Election Results: How Many Irregularities are Too Many?

Chad Vickery & David Ennis (International Foundation for Electoral Systems)

6.4 Can Election Forensics Help Courts Resolve Electoral Disputes?

Dmitry Kurnosov (University of Copenhagen)

6.5 The evolution of adjudication in electoral commissions and political regimes since 1990s in Russian regions

Nina Ilchenko (European University at Saint Petersburg)


Panel 7: Preventing Election Fraud: Media, Money, and Mandates, Room 32-124

Chair: TBD

Discussant: TBD

7.1 The legal definition of election fraud

Leontine Loeber (University of East Anglia)

7.2 Mapping Clean Elections Across Indian States

Imke Harbers, Cécile Richetta & Enrike van Wingerden (University of Amsterdam)

7.3 Full Disclosure or Faux Disclosure? How Discrepancies in Self-Reporting Standards and Practices Undermines Effective Transparency

Andrew Dowdle & Karen Sebold (University of Arkansas)

7.4 Social Media and Democracy

Michael Pal (University of Ottawa)

7.5 Electoral Management of Social Media and Fake News in East and Southeast Asia

Netina Tan (McMaster University)


Panel 8: The Challenges of Organizing Elections, Room 32-144



8.1 Poll Worker Motivations and the Public Administration of Elections

Alistair Clark (Newcastle University) & Toby S. James (University of East Anglia)

8.2 Efficiency challenges of Electoral Management Bodies: the methodology to calculate the costs of running multi-channel elections

Iuliia Krivonosova, Robert Krimmer & David Duenas Cid (Tallinn University of Technology)

8.3 Lines

Andrew Harris (New York University Abu Dhabi)

8.4 ‘Treading the last mile’: Systematic Voter’s Education and Awareness and Electoral Participation (SVEEP) programme

Anupama Roy (Jawaharlal Nehru University)

8.5 A forensic analysis of the 2017 presidential election in Honduras

Maria Page & Pedro Antenucci (CIPPEC –Center for the Implementation of Public Policies for Equity and Growth), 


Panel 9: Building Trust in Elections, Room 32-124



9.1 Electoral Integrity and Satisfaction with Democracy in Cross-National Comparison

Sarah Cameron (University of Sydney), Pippa Norris (Harvard and Sydney Universities) & Thomas Wynter (University of Sydney)

9.2 Factors Affecting Expert Evaluations in Electoral Integrity in the 2016 U. S. Presidential Election: State Context and the Vote Differential

Frank Rusciano & Michael Brogan (Rider University)

9.3 Transparency as a Correlating Factor for Confidence in US Election Administration

Nandi Vanka, Avery Davis-Roberts & David Carroll (The Carter Center)

9.4 Perceptions of experts vs. perceptions of electoral officials

Holly Ann Garnett (Royal Military College of Canada) & Toby S. James (University of East Anglia)

9.5 The Human Element: Poll Workers and Vote Confidence

Bridgett King (Auburn University)


Panel 10: Independence and Accountability, Room 32-144

Chair: TBD

Discussant: TBD

10.1 De jure and De Facto Autonomy of Electoral Management Bodies in Latin America and Africa

Alejandro Trelles (Brandeis University)

10.2 Electoral Administration Bodies composition and electoral integrity in a neopatrimonial regime. The case of Mozambique (1994 – 2014)

Domingos Rosário (University Eduardo Mondlane)

10.3 The dynamics of delegation: reforms in electoral governance and the quality of elections in Latin America

Gabriela Tarouco & Joaquim Meira (Universidade Federal de Pernambuco)

10.4 Reforming elections for electoral intergrity in Nigeria

Babatunde Oyekanmi (University of Ibadan)

10.5 Biased or Lacking Capacity? The Importance of Election Commissions for Election Quality

Inken von Borzyskowski (Florida State University)



Co-sponsored by:

The Electoral Management Network (


The Electoral Integrity Project (

The MIT Election Data and Science Lab (MEDSL) (

The Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada

The University of East Anglia (

The Royal Military College of Canada (


For previous events, visit: