Robert Krimmer is Full Professor of e-Governance within Ragnar Nurkse School of Innovation and Governance at the Faculty of Social Science, Tallinn University of Technology, Estonia. Robert’s research is focused on electronic participation and democracy, as well as e-voting, the transformation of the public sector, and all issues further developing a digital society. Robert is also Associate Editor of the international scientific journal Government Information Quarterly (GIQ), where he is in charge of participation issues. He is currently member of the group of experts to the Council of Europe Ad-Hoc Committee on Electronic Voting (CAHVE) which is currently updating its recommendation on legal, technical and operational standards for Electronic Voting Rec(2004)11. Also, he was one of the lead experts for the Council of Europe Ad-Hoc Committee on Electronic Democracy and drafted Annex 1 of the CoE Recommendation (2009) on e-Democracy. Before returning to academia, Robert was OSCE/ODIHR’s first senior adviser on new voting technologies. In the past he advised CoE, EC and AWEB on electoral matters.