Staffan Darnolf, IFES Director of Program Development and Innovation, has 20 years of experience as a scholar and practitioner in the field of democratization and electoral processes. He specializes in electoral reform in emerging democracies and post-conflict societies and has published books, articles and chapters in peer-reviewed scholarly journals throughout his career. Darnolf has been engaged as an elections expert in over 20 countries. Most recently, he served as IFES senior global electoral adviser and led IFES’ office in Zimbabwe, where he served as a senior adviser on electoral issues concerning the drafting of the new constitution, the constitutional referendum and electoral management processes. Prior to his work in Zimbabwe, Darnolf served as IFES’ senior elections expert and country director in Moldova, Pakistan, Cambodia and Nepal (2005-2010). From 2003 to 2005, Darnolf was integrally involved in the transitional elections in Afghanistan where he was appointed an international election commissioner by the United Nations for the 2005 parliamentary elections. Between 1992 and 2003, Darnolf combined his scholarly career with regular assignments for the UN, European Union, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, IFES and the Swedish International Development Authority (SIDA) in western, eastern and southern Africa, eastern Europe and southeast Asia. Darnolf holds a Ph.D. in political science with a focus on elections in emerging democracies from Goteborg University in Sweden and a bachelor’s degree in public administration from the same university. He was also a visiting scholar at Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies in 1998.